coal fired steam boiler in food industry

coal fired steam boiler in food industry

Heilongjiang provincial government to respond positively to win the Battle of Blue Sky policy action plan issued by the Ministry of ecology and environmental protection, recently issued "on the issuance of Heilongjiang Province to win the Battle of the sky three-year action plan" (hereinafter referred to as "Plan").

"Plan" requirements, as of 2020, the province of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide emissions are decreased year on year in 2015 to more than 11%; PM2.5 did not meet the concentration level and above cities fell year on year in 2015 to more than 15% , and above the level of urban air quality days ratio reaches 88%, and more heavily polluted year 2015 the number of days decreased the ratio of 15% or more.

"Plan" put forward 47 specific measures from nine aspects, namely: to adjust and optimize the industrial structure, promote the formation of green development; speed up the adjustment of energy structure, build clean energy systems; actively adjust the transport structure, the development of green transportation system; optimal adjustment of land structure, promote urban and rural non-point source pollution control; strengthening regional joint prevention and control, to effectively deal with heavy pollution weather; sound regulations and standards, improve environmental economic policies; for strengthening the infrastructure, strict environmental enforcement inspectors; clear responsibility for implementation of the parties, strict accountability assessment ; strengthen information disclosure, mobilize the whole society to participate.

"Plan" requirements, strictly control the total coal consumption.

1, in accordance with the focus on the use of coal and clean use of principles, focusing on reduction of non-coal for electricity, coal and oil to promote alternative energy by 2020, cities (prefectures) Coal accounts for the proportion of energy consumption fell by 1.5% compared with 2015.

2, bulk coal strengthening control, adjustment and optimization of high-pollution fuel combustion zone ban, the use of high-pollution fuel control, bulk coal alternative strengthening. Clean steadily heating, promoting the use of clean coal and clean energy.

3, to carry out comprehensive improvement of coal-fired boilers, to carry out level and above urban area 10 steam tons / hour coal-fired boilers and "clear" action. Improve energy efficiency, we continue to implement the dual-control operations total energy consumption and intensity.

4, accelerate the development of clean energy, and orderly development of wind power, biomass power generation and actively promote the construction of hydropower development focus on the promotion of river basins, and strengthen the development and utilization of geothermal energy exploration, increase renewable energy consumptive efforts.

6 tons adjusting a combustion gas coal fired steam boiler in food industry, normal combustion boiler three basic aspects of indicators include a uniform supply of the fuel, reasonable ventilation, adjustment the combustion. 1, to maintain the high temperature of the combustion chamber temperature of the upper layer is preferably in the 1100 ~ 1300 ℃, flame orange in color. Flame reddish color indicates that the amount is not enough to the wind, the color white indicates that excessive wind. It should be appropriately adjusted. 2, fuel ash to reduce ash content in the combustibles to be below 10%. 3, reducing the temperature of the boiler flue gas exhaust gas temperature should be controlled below 200 ℃. 4, holding furnace negative excess air boiler is 1.2 to 1.4, by adjusting the balance of the blowers to maintain the furnace pressure is -20 ~ -30Pa. 5, the thermal efficiency of the boiler to improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler should be kept above 60%. II. Combustion Adjustment 1, the amount of fuel to air required for combustion and the amount of a reasonable distribution. Ventilation should first increase the amount of fuel increases, it should first reduce the amount of fuel supply reduced ventilation. 2, the thickness of the seam and seam thickness configuration grate speed is 80 ~ 120mm grate speed at high, middle and low profile configuration of several commonly used methods:. 9a rapid combustion of thin seam b c thick seam in low combustion. 3 thick seam combustion speed, the segment with the wind blowing principle: burn promoting intermediate ends. That is, after the coal into the coal starts to warm up the shutter, fire line front arch, the primary combustion zone, the middle grate to burn the rear grate zone. Normal combustion conditions are: fuel from the coal at the beginning of the fire shutter 300mm, uniform flames, the fire bed formation, at the end of combustion from the end of the grate 300 ~ 500mm. 4. maintain proper furnace temperature to avoid coking. The fire bed to maintain the homogeneous combustion, to avoid burning fire bed obliquely. 6. The residence time of the fuel on the grate in less than 30 minutes.

How to provide boiler thermal efficiency thermal efficiency of the coal fired steam boiler in food industry has the following methods: low-pressure boiler at the factory has been designed considering the problem of thermal efficiency of the boiler, the flue gas from the device or change little aspects of energy-saving possibilities, it is best to start from the energy-saving operation (here talk recovered water vapor condensation method). The current design thermal efficiency of domestic low-pressure boiler is generally 70 to 90%, generally the actual operation of the thermal efficiency of about 60 to 80%, some even below 50%, a small low pressure industry as long as the operation, maintenance properly, can meet the design thermal efficiency of manufacturers. I think the management and operation should pay attention to the following points: First, the boiler flue gas temperature monitoring. Typically the maximum exhaust heat loss is loss, it is important to good control of exhaust gas temperature, exhaust gas temperature is generally low pressure coal-fired boiler of 150 ~ 180 ℃, fuel boiler exhaust gas temperature is 210 ~ 240 ℃, so when the boiler to find out why when the exhaust temperature is too high and promptly eliminated. Coal-fired boiler flue gas temperature is too high reasons are: high furnace pressure; shorting smoke; thick soot on the heat pipe; thick scale pot like. High temperature fuel exhaust reasons are: 1 air not adjusted oil, the oil is not completely burned in the chimney the secondary combustion occurs aft; 2 soot too, the need for timely cleaning; 3 shorting smoke; 4.... thick scale; Second, controlling blowdown rate. Without restricting the general rate of industrial sewage control in 5 to 10%, in the pot of water to ensure that qualified (mainly total alkalinity and pH value), the blowdown rate as low as possible, the sewage to adhere to the "ground row, row less, are ranked "the rules. Third, the maintenance of good furnace wall insulation. The heat loss is also a relatively large heat losses, now the manufacturers in the manufacturing and design has been well thought out, so we do not need to change, we just trying to be difficult to maintain. Outer surface temperature generally does not exceed 50 ℃, it will have to find out the reasons such as too high, and remove. Boiler insulation should always be kept dry, for coal, not a long positive run, or easy to damage the coal furnace wall and gate and so on. Fourth, adjust the ratio of fuel and air volume, complete combustion of the fuel as possible. Generally do not have a small amount of wind testing instruments, we can only go by experience adjustment. For oil, the normal combustion flame was yellow-white, non-glare, flame stability, no visible smoke chimney; For coal, the normal combustion flame pale, no visible smoke chimney, basic cinder burn coal particles as even as possible. Fifth, the need for a sound water treatment. Improve water treatment and water quality testing can maximize prevent fouling and correct guidance of the sewage, but it did not do a lot of small, companies usually do not pay attention.

Today, the principle of coal fired steam boiler in food industry and the construction of steam boiler too many forms, take an ordinary fast-packed 4-ton steam boiler. Water is heated into steam in the drum and heat is emitted by fire in the furnace, which is the principle of the steam boiler. Say the boiler first the pot. The boiler is a drum boiler with water cooling. Two return pyrotechnic tubes are arranged in the left and right parts of the drum, and the front cigarette box in the front part of the drum is turned back. Between the drum and the bottom box, there is a drop tube and a water-cooled tube, forming the frame of the combustion chamber. There is a steam separator on the top of the drum to reduce the water produced by steam. The heating surface of the boiler body is the lower part of the drum, the water-cooled pipe and the Pyrotechnic pipe The combustion part is composed of a chain grate and a drive device, and a combustion chamber composed of a boiler rack on the grate frame. Surrounded by refractories. Coal from coal hopper, there are coal gate to control the thickness of coal seam while sealing the front of the air. The lower part of the combustion chamber is the place where the blast enters, and this kind of boiler has great resistance and needs forced blast. Cinder, discharged from the back of the grate through hawk iron and sent out of the furnace by the slag extractor. From the back of the boiler, the flue gas goes forward from the first return pipe of the boiler, the second return pipe returns to the rear part of the boiler, and then goes into the dust collector to separate the ash, and then through the draught fan, it is discharged from the chimney. The induced draft fan not only discharges smoke, but also It is necessary for the negative pressure operation of the boiler. Essential water level gauges, pressure gauges, safety valves, thermometers, electric pumps that can replenish water under pressure, and steam pumps that can also be used in the event of power outages. Boiler water must be softened and water treatment equipment. Steam boilers are force vessels and safety devices are necessary. All steam boilers can work better only in accordance with the correct operating methods.

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